TANKI

Water for all

The UN General Assembly recognized access to water and sanitation as a human right in 2010, however water scarcity still affects more than 40 percent of people, an alarming figure that is projected to rise in the coming decade. Although 2.1 billion people have improved water sanitation since 1990, dwindling drinking water supplies are affecting every continent.Although our planet has sufficient fresh water to achieve a regular and clean water supply for all, bad economics and poor infrastructure can skew supply unfavourably.Drought afflicts some of the world’s poorest countries, worsening hunger and malnutrition. Floods and other water-related disasters account for 70% of all deaths related to natural disasters.In low- and middle-income countries, 38 percent of healthcare facilities don’t have an improved water source, 19 percent don’t have improved sanitation, and 35 percent lack water and soap for handwashing. In India alone which has a  population of 1.34 billion, and is the second most populated country in the world, one in five people are living in extreme poverty. India also struggles with many social barriers and marginalisation of people and community groups in part due to religious and caste discrimination.However, Access to water, shelter and food are basic human rights every individual deserves to have irrespective of one's class/caste/race/gender  and its absence can impact the health, food security, and livelihoods of families across the world.

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Universal access to water sanitation and hygiene is a key priority of the Taanki  project which seeks to strengthen the public services for water, include more transformative WASH interventions that positively impact power relations and encourage gender equality and social inclusion at local, regional and national levels. Through adopting a decentralised mechanism of rainwater harvesting that uses mobile and Internet of Things (IoT) technologies to alleviate water wastage and augment fresh water resources in India. Such a technology is an environmentally sound solution as it helps in recharging the groundwater table by utilising rainwater as a water resource and prevent many environmental problems that occur in case of large scale conventional approaches.

 
Tanki

The dwellers of informal settlements, who are vulnerable to the everyday wetness and the extreme events of flooding due to the absence of planned systems of water management. In contrast to this, these communities have insufficient access to drinking water. Hence, provision of safe water infrastructure and sanitation facilities become necessary to overcome the challenges of efficient water management.

 
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The design is a unique water storage facility with a filtration component  for slums to deal with water collection as well as temporary storage of potable or non-potable water. It is specially designed to fit in a crowded slum homestead, easing the process of storage by fitting in the otherwise wasted spaces.

 
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 The current pandemic has also forced us to look deeper into the repercussions of these baised societal systems leading to the creation of hotspots in these densely spaced informal settlements. More than half of the people in the slums do not have in-home piped water. This suggests that while the housing quality may be poor, provision of safe drinking water and sanitation is crucial for the wellbeing of the marginalised communities. Thus Taanki fosters technology which is an environmentally sound solution as it helps in recharging the groundwater table by utilising rainwater as a water resource and at the same time offers the inhabitants the ownership for the functioning of the system by encouraging individual households to tap rain water to meet their day to day needs.

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Taanki comes with an inbuilt mobile application that helps build an ecosystem for the slum dwellers to access vital information about pipes and other joints through pre-recorded videos including the best way to fix and prevent leaks in water pipes.

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